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The cause of difficulty breathing and how to handle it properly

The best way to overcome breathing difficulties in several easy ways.

How to deal with difficulty breathing. When the lungs don't get enough air, you will feel shortness of breath or difficulty breathing. As a result, your breath becomes fast, shallow, and sometimes appears "straight". Your chest feels like someone is tightly wrapped around your chest. All these debilitating feelings are the most common symptoms of asthma.

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this info discusses: shortness of breath

Not often, many believe that shortness of breath is definitely asthma. Although not necessarily. Shortness of breath may appear suddenly (acute) or often long term (chronic), and can be caused by a number of other health problems besides asthma.

Causes of difficulty breathing that appear suddenly (acute)

1. Asthma

Asthma is a respiratory disease caused by inflammation of the bronchi (bronchi). Inflammation causes bronchospasm to enlarge, narrow, and survive in the production of excessive mucus.

As a result, you often feel shortness of breath or a runny nose, and you have difficulty breathing. You may feel that your chest often hurts, like having something that connects the umbilical cord tightly to your chest. Thoracic breathing, "coughing" and coughing is also the most common symptoms of asthma.

2.Carbon monoxide poisoning

Carbon monoxide poisoning occurs when a person breathes a lot of carbon monoxide. Carbon monoxide is odorless, colorless, does not irritate the skin and eyes, but is very dangerous if stabilized in the body. Yes, this gas is very toxic and flammable. This gas comes from burning gas, oil, gasoline, solid fuel or wood.

this info discusses: shortness of breath

After inhalation, carbon monoxide can be tightly bound to hemoglobin 200 times stronger than oxygen bonds. Carbon monoxide will come with blood throughout the body, which will cause cell and tissue damage due to hypoxia. As a result, you will experience various symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pain, dizziness, nausea, and vomiting.

The longer your breathing gas, the worse the symptoms. When carbon monoxide levels reach the acute level of the body, toxicity can cause death.

3. Heart tissue (excess fluid around the heart)

Heart replacement is an emergency medical condition when blood or fluid fills the void between the thin membrane that covers the heart (pericardium) and heart muscle. This condition provides strong pressure on the heart which interferes with the function of the heart pumping blood throughout the body.

this info discusses: shortness of breath

Lack of blood supply to the heart and the whole body can cause various symptoms such as shortness of breath, shortness of breath, chest pain (especially on the left side of the chest), and the chest feels depressed and depressed. If not treated immediately, heart swings can cause shock, heart failure, and other organ failure and even death.

4. Diaphragmatic hernias

A hernia is a term used to describe the inside of a body that protrudes from its place. Well, the diaphragm hernia is a condition that causes the upper part of the abdomen to stand at the opening of the diaphragm, the muscles that separate the abdomen from the chest. This muscle helps so that stomach acid does not rise into the esophagus.

this info discusses: shortness of breath

If you suffer from diaphragmatic hernias, the stomach becomes acidic and becomes easy. Increased gastric acid is called gastroesophageal reflux (GERD). This disease can cause complications in the stomach and throat. As a result, you may experience heartburn (chest feels hot), difficulty breathing or shortness of breath, pain in the chest or abdomen, difficulty swallowing, and so on.

5. Heart failure

Heart Failure is a term used to describe a heart condition that cannot function properly and does not pump blood throughout the body efficiently. This condition occurs because tightness or occlusion occurs in the coronary arteries.

This narrowing of the arteries causes the bloodstream to carry oxygen to stop. As a result, the body's tissues do not get enough oxygen, causing many symptoms such as shortness of breath, fatigue, concentration, and fluid buildup in the organ.

6. Low blood pressure (low blood pressure)

Low blood pressure is a condition in which blood pressure in the arteries is so low that blood cannot provide enough oxygen and nutrients for the body. Clogged blood clots make oxygen unable to flow throughout the body. This then causes symptoms of shortness of breath. Hypertension is usually diagnosed when blood pressure reaches 90/60 or less, followed by several symptoms including dizziness, dehydration, difficulty concentrating, nausea, cold, wet skin, short or fast breathing, fatigue, blurred vision, fainting (loss of consciousness).

7. Pulmonary embolism

Blockage of pulmonary embolism in one of the pulmonary arteries in your lungs. This causes blood flow to both sides of the lungs or both to be very limited, making the chest feel uncomfortable and the heart rate increasing, making it difficult for you to breathe. Inflammation of the lung tissue and chest wall (pleura) can also cause sharp chest pain.

8. pneumothorax

Pneumothorax is a condition in which a group of air flows between the lungs and chest wall. The collected air can compress the lungs and make the lungs collapse (empty).

An increase in lung wall pressure will prevent the lungs from expanding when we breathe. As a result, you will experience shortness of breath and other symptoms such as chest pain, palpitations, coughing and so on.

9. Pneumonia

Pneumonia or infection in the lungs can also cause shortness of breath. Pneumonia is a disease that causes inflammation of the alveoli in the lungs and is swollen and filled with fluid. This condition can be caused by bacterial, viral or fungal infections.

this info discusses: shortness of breath

Foreign substances that cause infection attack the alveoli which makes the body lose oxygen to enter the blood. As a result, other body cells do not function properly because of hypoxia. 

Causes of long-term (chronic) shortness of breath
  • Asthma. Asthma is a chronic disease that first appears in childhood and continues into adulthood. However, more than 25 percent of people with asthma experience attacks for the first time in adulthood. Asthma causes airway obstruction and narrowing, causing a narrow breathing sensation. 
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a group of diseases that damage the lungs and reduce the amount of oxygen to the blood due to blockages in the airways due to inflammation or damage to the air sac. This makes patients often suffer from shortness of breath, chest tightness, breathing, and coughing. 
  • Heart failure. Most cases of heart failure occur from other diseases, such as coronary heart disease, arrhythmias, high blood pressure, diabetes, heart valve damage, obesity, heart disorders, and so on. 
  • Interstitial lung disease. Interstitial lung disease is a group of diseases that attack lung tissue between the air sac and below it. This condition is characterized by scarring in the lung sac, which reduces air storage. This will affect the ability to breathe and direct enough oxygen to the bloodstream. 
  • Obesity. Obesity can cause shortness of breath because the excess fat around the abdomen and chest increases the work of the muscles that control breathing. As a result, they often suffer from shortness of breath or difficulty breathing. Even if you only do light activities. 

Lung problems
  • Lung cancer. The most common symptom of this disease is a chronic cough that does not heal or worsens over time. In addition, you may also feel that your chest feels irritated and generally gets worse when you breathe. It's normal to make it difficult for you to breathe. 
  • Pulmonary hypertension. Pulmonary hypertension occurs when the arteries in the lungs are narrow, and the right side of the heart must work harder to pump blood to the lungs. Stopping the flow of blood makes oxygen unable to flow throughout the body, so the body lacks air. This then causes symptoms of shortness of breath. 
  • Sarcoid. This condition occurs when inflammatory cells grow excessively in various parts of the body, such as the lungs, lymph nodes, eyes, and skin. If inflammatory cells grow in the lungs, they can cause intermittent breathing with wheezing (sounds like a soft siren or "whistling"). 
  • Tuberculosis (TB). Tuberculosis is a chronic respiratory disorder caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. On symptoms of tuberculosis, dyspnea complaints that arise are tuberculosis processes that increase mucus production. As a result, they make the airways narrow and destroy lung tissue. 

Heart problems
  • myocardial infarction. The cause of this disease is a myocardial disorder, stretching or having problems with the structure. This condition makes the heart unable to pump blood or work properly so that the body's tissues do not get enough oxygen. Finally, there are several symptoms, such as shortness of breath. 
  • Arrhythmia. Irregular heartbeat is a heart disorder characterized by an abnormal heart. This can be very fast, too slow, too early or irregular. A heartbeat that is too fast or too slow makes the heart unable to pump blood effectively. As a result, you will experience a series of symptoms such as shortness of breath, dizziness, chest pain and others. 
  • Pericarditis. Peritoneal inflammation is swelling and irritation of the tiger. The pericardium is the membrane of the sac around the heart and serves to place the heart in place and soften the heart. Common symptoms of this disease are severe chest pain behind sliding or sliding, as well as short breathing or hunting while lying down. 

Other problems can cause shortness of breath

  • Broken ribs. 
  • Choking. 
  • Endocrine inflammation (partial throat swelling). 
  • inhale foreign substances.Anxiety disorders. 
  • Guillain-Barre syndrome. 
  • Myasthenia gravis, which causes muscle weakness. 

How to overcome shortness of breath? 

How to deal with shortness of breath for all is not the same. But there are a few simple steps you can take when approaching tight breath. This is the first help you can take to treat dyspnea: 

1. Breathing by mouth 

This is a simple method that you can do to control breathlessness. This method helps slow the rate of breathing, making every gust of yourself become deep and effective. 

Not only breathing through the mouth can also help release the air that is stuck in the lungs. You can use this method whenever you experience shortness of breath, especially when lifting heavy objects, climbing stairs, bending and so on. 

Here's the guide:
  • Relaxing the shoulder and neck muscles. 
  • Slowly breathe from the nose to hold for a few seconds. 
  • Pour your lips as if you were going to whistle. 
  • Slow breathing by mouth.

2. Sit in a chair 

Relaxing while sitting can help relax your body and relax your breathing. To get started, make sure you are quiet. Sit in a chair with both feet stepping on the ground. Bend your chest slightly forward. Place your elbows on your knees or support your hands. Make sure your neck and shoulder muscles relax. 

3. Lie down

Many people suffer from shortness of breath while sleeping. Besides making it uncomfortable, it can also reduce the quality and duration of your sleep. To overcome this, you can lie in bed. Place a few pillows on your head and under your knees. Make sure your back stays straight and your hands are on your side. Try to put your head higher than your body.

This position helps ease the blocked airways, making it easier for you to breathe.

4. Use a fan

A study found that cold air can help relieve shortness of breath. A normal fan or fan on your face can help relieve symptoms of shortness of breath.

5. Drink the medicine

For those who are short of breath due to a serious illness, you may have to undergo treatment or take medication from a doctor. Consult your doctor about the treatment that is right for you.

Many options for shortness of breath medication

It must be stressed that before taking any medication, you need to consult with a doctor to get a proper diagnosis of your condition. Because the type and dosage of the weakness of the drug must be adjusted to reach the exact cause.
The following are the most common types of risks for respiratory drugs available at pharmacies and prescriptions.

1.Expanded bronchodilators

Bronchial dilators are drugs that increase the ability of the lungs to absorb oxygen so that it can breathe more smoothly and reliably. Bronchodilators must be combined with inhaled corticosteroids and given only if the symptoms do not improve after inhaled corticosteroids. Bronchodilators are available in the form of inhalers, tablets/pills, syrups, injections, and sprays.

There are three types of bronchodilators commonly used, including:
Anticholinergic agents (Tiotropium, Ipratropium, Glycopyronium, and Acrydium)
Beta-2 stimulants (salmitrodol, salbutamol/albuterol, and formoterol) Theophylline

this info discusses: shortness of breath

Depending on work time, the bronchodilator is divided into two parts: fast reaction and slow reaction. Rapid bronchial reactions are usually given to someone who suffers from severe shortness of breath due to inflammation and narrowing of the airways, as in acute asthma attacks. Whereas bronchodilator reactions are more than usual for controlling symptoms of dyspnea in chronic lung disease (COPD) or chronic asthma.

Common side effects that can arise from the use of these drugs are usually chills, coughing, headaches, and diarrhea.

2. Antibiotics and antiviral drugs

In cases of respiratory problems due to pneumonia, drug deficiency will depend on microbes caused by bacteria or viruses. Antibiotics will be prescribed by doctors to treat pneumonia caused by bacterial infections. One example is Xorim. If pneumonia is caused by a virus, doctors can prescribe antiviral drugs, such as oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or Zanamivir (Relenza).

Don't stop or add doses without the doctor's knowledge.

3. Diuretics

This type of drug is given to treat respiratory disorders caused by heart failure. In general, this drug functions to remove excess salt and water from the body through urine.

this info discusses: shortness of breath

One side effect of diuretics is that you will continue to urinate because diuretics increase the secretion of water and electrolytes. Therefore, this drug is called "water tablet".

Also read other health information: Here's how to treat a stubborn dry cough.

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