Overcome chickenpox in children and prevention of chickenpox
Chickenpox is a contagious disease that generally occurs in children under 10 years, but rarely chickenpox will cause problems in pregnant women, newborns, adolescents and adults, and people with low resilience. Chickenpox in children is not a critical medical condition. However, children with chicken pox usually have to be quarantined at home to avoid sending chickenpox virus to others.
Symptoms of chickenpox in children need to be considered, namely:
- Small seed slabs that slowly thicken and fill with liquids
- After 1-2 days, dry nodules, skin, and become wounds
- New pox will appear after 4-5 days afterwards
- The diameter of the nodule does not exceed 0.5 cm
- The red rash that appears usually starts from the area around the head and back, then spread throughout the body after 1-2 days
- Fever. More acne appears, the higher the fever. However, your child may not have a fever on the first day of the smallpox or if the nodule does not look too bad.
- Rashes are also often found in the mouth, eyelids, and genitals
- Your child is exposed to chickenpox children 10-21 days before
If your child has different symptoms of chicken pox, contact your doctor. Generally diagnosing chickenpox in children is quite easy.
New liquid patches will appear daily for 4-5 days. Fever after smallpox is usually at the highest level on the third or fourth day. Children will start to feel better and the fever will decrease after the chickenpox nodule is slowly lost. On average, children will receive 400-500 chickenpox as zits.
Chickenpox is a very annoying appearance. Your job as a parent is to persuade your child that the smallpox is temporary and will soon disappear. The chickenpox leave the permanent scars, unless the chicken pox is infected with the impetigo or your child continues to freeze. However, smallpox requires at least 6-12 months to completely disappear.
Chickenpox usually appears only once, and after that your child will develop immunity to smallpox virus that will last a lifetime. It is very rare for repeated cases of chickenpox inexperienced.
How do you deal with chickenpox in children?
Tips to overcome chicken pox and reduce the hives that you can do at home, including:
- Soak cold water
Cold water acts as a compress that reduces the itching and redness of the smallpox. Ask your child to soak cold water for at least 10 minutes every four hours in the first few days to get chickenpox. Safe treatments are performed as home based therapies because smallpox affects only through air, not water.
To protect the smallpox from breaking, do not rub with a towel when drying. Lift the body so that the water absorbs dry. After bathing, you can use a cold powder (calamine) to relieve itching. Or, break the chickenpox with ice cubes. If your child complains of severe itching, give it a free antihistamine drug in the pharmacy.
- Reduce fever
Give your child acetaminophen for the first few days if she shows symptoms of fever, but do not give ibuprofen. Ibuprofen fears the risk of side effects from severe inflammatory infections. Do not give aspirin to babies and children affected by chicken pox, due to side effects of Reye's syndrome.
- Cold food
Chickenpox bentonous in children is also available in the mouth and throat. The heat and discomfort caused by redness in the rash will make it difficult for your child to eat. Give good and cold choices (ice cream, eggs, pudding, gelatin, mashed potatoes). Avoid giving salt and sour fruit for a while.
- For infants suffering from smallpox, give a cup of sippy, not a bottle
The bottle point will aggravate the pain in the mouth. If your child is four years old and complaining of unhealthy pain in the mouth, state that it rinse it with a liquid antacid spoon and do it four times a day after eating.
- Overcoming the pain of chicken pox in children
Poxitis pain occurs in the sex organs and can be painful for your child. If your child (especially women) complains of irreversible pain when urinating, use a local anesthetic ointment containing 2.5% xylocaine (usually a drug sold freely) to the vagina as much as possible 2-3 hours to relieve pain. Soaking cold water will also be very helpful.
- Prevent children from scratching
To prevent bacterial infection, your child's scissors. Do not forget to always wash your hands with antibacterial soap. Do not let your child scratch and rub the chips first. For infants who can not control themselves, they must wrap their hands with baby gloves.
- Quarantine at home
Children with smallpox can transmit the virus to other children in the vicinity, especially in the first few days of smallpox. To avoid delivery, give your child a home for at least a week. In addition, your child can return to school and carry out daily activities. No need to worry about peeling still on the skin, the process is not contagious and will stop by itself in 2 weeks.
To avoid sending, do not bring your child to the hospital or the specialist's office. If necessary, let the child stay in the car with the caretaker while you wait for it. Avoid sitting in smallpox near or in a room with pregnant women who have no smallpox in the first trimester. Fire worms carry a risk to the fetus that contains it.
- Avoid sun exposure
Liquid spots can appear in areas exposed to direct sunlight.
Acyclovir is an oral antiviral drug used to treat chicken pox. This medicine will only help if it starts within 24 hours after the initial signs of chicken pox appear. According to some studies, acyclovir can reduce the amount of smallpox nodules up to 20% and shorten the time of the disease. However, the rate of chicken pox complications can not be reduced. Acyclovir must be used regularly for five consecutive days. These medicines are reported to have minimal side effects.
Children suffering from chickenpox also suffer from a deficiency of the immune system, taking steroids, or having skin or lung diseases that need to be treated with acyclovir. Some doctors will name acyclovir for adults, teens and young adults. However, most doctors will not use acyclovir in healthy children.
When do I need to see a doctor?
Contact your doctor immediately, if:
- Your child can get out of bed or accidentally wake up (health emergency calls)
- Rosemary on your child's skin, or softening skin area
- Red rashes like red fever
- Your child experiences difficulty walking
- Your child complains of neck stiffness
- Your child has difficulty breathing
- Nausea and vomiting that occur more than three times
- Bleeding occurs in chickenpox nodules
- Your child looks very pale because of pain and fatigue
- Fever lasts more than 4 days
- Itching becomes worse and does not respond to treatment
- Your child does not feel better
Contact your doctor within 24 hours, if:
- The spots look soft and remove pus
- Species that grow (temporarily, providing antibiotic ointments without a non-prescription solution)
- One of the lymph nodes grows and softens
- Your child has chicken pox, but never received a smallpox vaccine or smallpox
- You feel the need to visit a pediatrician
Prevention of chicken pox is done by managing smallpox vaccine (immunization). Vaccines can also be given to reduce chickenpox severity in children who are infected with chicken pox. Give the vaccine no later than five days after the first contact with the virus. To get a vaccine, contact your pediatrician.
Hopefully this information about chicken pox can be useful and increase your insight, and always remember that health is important.
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